Knowing how to obtain food is a key survival skill to know. Food isn’t a top priority in the first few days of trying to survive; usually shelter, water, signaling, and fire are at the top of the list. But eventually you will need calories and food to avoid starvation.
Foraging for wild edibles might stave off death for a little while, but eventually you might want to consider catching some meat. Another important note about survival is expending as little energy as possible, especially in cold or harsh climates and having premium survival watch. You can achieve capturing food with expending minimal energy by using a basic snare trap and a lighter that’s resistant to wind.
Today we will show you how to make a basic snare trap in 4 different ways.
1) The Trigger Spring Snare
The trigger spring snare is the number one option as far as effectiveness and ease. Variations of its use have been used since the beginning of mankind. The trigger spring snare uses 4 components that can be found in most any situation. They are:
- A noose (usually formed from wire, but can use any type of cordage).
- A 2 part trigger.
- A leader line.
- An engine (usually a bowed sapling).
The noose is exactly what it sounds like; it nooses the animal and is one of the gadgets for camping. Wire is the most effective option, but other cordage will work. It needs to be flexible and needs to be capable of tightening quickly and easily.
Some options for wire are the copper wire inside a lamp or cord, wire from a hanging picture frame, wire from a spiral bound notebook, wire from the spring of a pen or inside a wire-lined bra. Other options, if you don’t have wire, are the inner strands of 550 paracord, shoe strings, dental floss, or fishing line.
The cordage needs to be strong enough that it doesn’t snap with a few good jerks on it, and needs to be strong enough to hold a 5-8 pound animal. If you don’t have cordage or wire you can make your own cordage from certain plants like dogbane, milkweed, stinging nettle, the inner tree bark of trees like cedar and elm, or cattail.
To create the noose:
- Obtain about 18-24 inches for small game.
- Make a loop on one end that is about the diameter of a pencil. Wire should hold the loop, but if using string, just tie an overhand knot.
- Run the other end of the wire or cordage through the loop and then tied to the trigger that is described next.
There are a few other considerations when using a snare trap. Check with your local laws to make sure they are legal or require permits. Or only use in a survival situation, similar to when you’re using a durable survival shovel for digging.
Most animals will take the easiest walking route, so you can “lead” the animal to your snare with guide sticks; little twigs blocking the path on either side and leading to the snare. Some animals are weary of obvious changes in the environment so guide sticks wouldn’t work. In that case, it is best to set the snare up in a narrow patch of vegetation.
When setting up a snare trap, make sure to look for signs of the animal’s presence. Setting up a trap without looking for signs of frequent animal visitors is a waste of time. Look for droppings, tracks, worn trails, burrows, and so on before setting up a trap will increases the chances of catching something.
You can also increases the chances of catching something by setting up multiple traps. Just be sure to take them all down when you leave an area. Check your traps frequently. Some animals may not die quickly, and you will want to help them along for the most humane kill.
Use as much as the animal as possible, since they gave their life for you. Even the sinew can create useful cordage. It’s also a good idea to check the traps frequently, especially in warmer weather, because the animal can spoil quickly or other predators may find an easy, free meal.
Knowing how to make a basic snare is a great survival skill to have. It’s a good idea to sharpen your pocket knife and practice this skill before you land in a survival situation. The best part about using a snare trap is that once the trap is set, there is zero energy required to catch your next meal.
There are a variety of different ways to make snares, but most use the same principle of trapping the animal through a trigger and tension. Always remember to honor the animal that you killed, and utilize as much of it as possible.
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